This study aimed at examining the extent to which women benefit from or lose out in mining revenue
management in Tanzania. It also sought to find out whether Tanzania has a revenue allocation mechanism to ensure that women benefit from the sector as men. The study was triggered by the fact that participation of women in the extractive sector generally and in mining activities in particular is very low. Moreover, in Tanzania, all revenues derived from various sources for the use by the Government are usually deposited into the Consolidated Fund (CF). The funds are then drawn and allocated to various budget votes. Once mining related funds are put into the CF, they tend to lose their identity and it is challenging to track the extent of distribution across different social groups, such as women.
Ultimately, the study concluded that women benefit from the mining sector just a little and coincidentally. There are no strategies to ensure that women are not left out in the mining revenue value chain. To a large extent, the mining sector in Tanzania has been found to be benefiting men more than women. Therefore, it has been firmly concluded that in Tanzania, women lose a lot from the mining sector, especially in mining revenues management.
From findings and the conclusion, a number of recommendations have been made to the key actors in
the mining sector. Firstly, the Ministry of minerals put in place an enabling environment for women’s
effective participation in the mining sector. Specifically, the Ministry has to spearhead amendment of the
mining laws to incorporate gender inclusion provisions as contemplated in the Mining Policy. Secondly,
the Ministry of Finance and Planning through TRA, is urged to segregate mining revenues according to
contribution by different social groups which will contribute to a purposive approach in allocating revenues.
Further, the Ministry should set a mechanism for revenues allocation for easy assessment on the
extent to which women benefit from or lose out in the mining revenues. Third recommendation is for the mining companies to abide by their commitments as submitted to the government before commencement of mining exploration. Gender equity should be considered in all practices of the mining companies. The Parliament is also encouraged to have gender consideration when enacting or amending any mining legislation. Lastly, LGAs and CSOs are advised to include in their plans advocacy programmes for women awareness creation on mining laws and policies to enhance their participation in mining and
benefits gained there-from.